Understanding Kidney Health: Causes, Triggers, and Early Detection
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- Olivia Grande
- March 20, 2023
Kidney disorders, particularly Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), are often overlooked despite being one of the leading causes of death worldwide. In India, approximately 7.8 million people have been diagnosed with kidney disease, with the prevalence rate increasing by 17% yearly. Understanding the causes and triggers of kidney disease, detecting early signs and symptoms, and providing affordable treatments is imperative. In this article, we will discuss the top urologists in Punjab and top urologists in Ludhiana and the significance of kidney health.
CKD is a slow-progressing disease that typically does not exhibit initial symptoms. However, it can gradually become debilitating, and kidney function can also suddenly decline due to acute kidney injury or its strong connection to CKD. Chronic illnesses like diabetes, hypertension, or high blood pressure often coexist with kidney disease, adversely affecting vital organs. India has a high rate of CKD patients.
Overusing painkillers, high salt intake, inadequate water consumption, lack of sleep, overconsumption of meats, high sugar intake, alcohol abuse, excessive smoking, consuming packaged food, and a sedentary lifestyle are the ten most common triggers of CKD in India. Overboard physical training can also harm the kidneys.
CKD is frequently associated with Type 1 or 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, abnormal kidney structure, a rare genetic condition, and the senior community. Acute kidney diseases such as Glomerulonephritis, Polycystic kidney disease, Urinary Track Infections (UTIs), and repeated formation of kidney stones can damage kidneys and increase the risk of kidney diseases, which can further lead to Chronic Kidney Illness.
CKD is asymptomatic initially, but as the condition progresses, patients may experience early signs such as extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, sudden vomiting, nausea, sleeping disorders, muscle cramps, bone weakening, swelling of ankles and feet, itch and dry skin, shortness of breath, etc.
The biggest challenge in treating kidney disease is managing the patient’s life socially and financially. Dialysis patients require holistic disease management, whether for a kidney transplant or dialysis. Patients in rural areas face commuting challenges to visit dialysis centers thrice a week, while the financial burden of dialysis treatment also affects the patient community. The lack of conservative care, preventive awareness of kidney diseases, and predominant culture of screening/tests also contribute to the biggest challenge in treatment deliveries for kidney patients.
Low-income patients can seek affordable dialysis treatment at government institutions and state-run hospitals. Several countries are now investing in CKD care in India to ensure optimal care for the dialysis patient community. Punjab and Ludhiana have several experienced urologists who can provide excellent medical care for kidney and urinary tract problems.
In conclusion, kidney diseases are a significant health concern in India. It is critical to understand the triggers and leading causes of kidney diseases, detect their early signs and symptoms, and provide affordable treatments. With the help of experienced urologists and government initiatives, we can provide optimal care for kidney disease patients.